All of the following are features of Timothy syndrome except:
a) CACNA1C mutation
b) Named after Katherine W. Timothy
c) Phase 1 of action potential is affected by gene mutation
d) Multisystem disorder
Correct answer: c) Phase 1 of action potential is affected by gene mutation
Cav1.2 calcium channel is affected by CACNA1C mutation in Timothy syndrome. This channel is important in the phase 2 (plateau phase) of cardiac action potential. Timothy syndrome is characterised by marked prolongation of QT interval, syndactyly, congenital heart disease, cognitive abnormalities, and intermittent hypoglycemia. It is designated as LQT8.