Valsalva maneuvers in daily life

Valsalva maneuvers in daily life

Valsalva maneuvers in daily life include:

1. Coughing
2. Sneezing
3. Squatting
4. Defecation
5. Micturition

These Valsalva maneuvers in daily life can produce transient right to left shunt across a patent foramen ovale (PFO) with potential to cause paradoxical embolism.